IEEE Robotics and Automation Society IEEE

North American Summer School on Surgical Robotics

Objectives

The goal of this one-week Technical Education Program was to provide trainees (PhD or MD students and postdoctoral fellows) with lectures, hands-on laboratory experience, introduction to novel technologies and emerging themes, and informal interactions with internationally-renowned researchers. Held from 21-25 July 2014 primarily on the campus of Carnegie Mellon University, it was organized by Dr. Cameron Riviere and Dr. Howie Choset.

In efforts to expand the reach of this Technical Program, most presentations have been captured and are now available on the RAS IEEE.tv channel! The speakers, topics and links to the presentations follow the schedule of the Technical Education Program.

For more details about the actual event, please visit: http://biorobotics.ri.cmu.edu/education/summerschool/

View the Event Showcase on IEEE.tv

Individual Speakers and presentations:

Russell Taylor, Johns Hopkins University, (MD) USA
Medical robotics and computer-integrated interventional medicine
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/MedicalRoboticsandComputerIntegratedInterventionalSystems_Russell_Taylor_mobile.mp4

Simon DiMaio, Intuitive Surgical, Inc. (CA) USA
da Vinci and beyond
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/da_Vinci_and_Beyond_Simon_DiMaio_mobile.mp4
Shared research platforms and frameworks-da Vinci Research Kit
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/01_The_daVinci_research_kit_Simon_DiMaio_mobile.mp4
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/02_daVinci_research_kit_open_source_environment_Russell_Taylor_mobile.mp4

Paolo Dario, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy
Endoluminal surgical robotics
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Endoluminal_Surg_Robotics_Paolo_Dario_mobile.mp4

Nabil Simaan, Vanderbilt University (TN) USA
Accelerated Research through Matlab
Force and stiffness sensing and assistive telemanipulation in restrictive surgical environments
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Force_and_Stiffness_Nabil_Simaan_mobile.mp4

Salih Abdelaziz, University of Montpellier, France
Robotic assistance in minimally invasive and endoluminal interventions
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Robotic_assistance_in_minimally_invasive_Salih_Abdelaziz_mobile.mp4

Ferdinando Rodriguez y Baena, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
Computer-and-robot-assisted orthopaedic surgery
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Robot_assisted_Ortho_SurgFernando_Rodriguez_mobile.mp4

Blake Hannaford, University of Washington, (WA) USA
Analysis and Control Architecture for Semiautonomous Robotic Surgery
Telerobotic Surgery Research with the Raven Surgical System
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/04_RAVEN_Interfaces_Hannaford_and_Lewis_mobile.mp4
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Telerobotic_Surg_Research_RAVEN_Hannaford_mobile.mp4

Takeo Kanade, Carnegie Mellon, (PA) USA
Computer vision for medicine
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Computer_vision_for_medicine_Takeo_KanadeMobile.mp4

Allison Okamura, Stanford University, (CA) USA
Human-motor performance in robot-assisted surgery
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Human_Motor_Performance_Allison_Okamura_mobile.mp4

Elena De Momi, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Force sensing in robotic neurosurgery
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Force_Feedback_Elena_DeMomi_mobile.mp4

George Stetten, University of Pittsburgh/Carnegie Mellon, (PA) USA
In-situ augmentation of vision and touch in surgery
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/New_Developments_Med_Robotics_George_Stetten_mobile.mp4

Gregory Hager, Johns Hopkins University, (MD) USA
Automated assessment and teaching of surgical skill
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Automated_assessment_and_teaching_Gregory_Hager_mobile.mp4

Sylvain Martel, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Canada
Robotics methods for navigating untethered agents through the vascular network
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Robotics_Methods_Navigating_Sylvain_Martel_mobile.mp4

Cameron Riviere, Carnegie Mellon, (PA) USA
Compensation of physiological motion for enhanced surgical accuracy
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/media/ieeetvmobile/RAS/ROBOTIC_SURG/Compensation_of_Physiological_Motion_Cameron_Riviere_mobile.mp4

 

UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction

United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015 Public Forum on Social Implementation of Disaster Robots and Systems

Co-organized by IEEE Robotics and Automation Society, Tohoku University, International Rescue System Institute, COCN Disaster Robot Project, Japan Cabinet office ImPACT Project

12-16 March 2015 in Sendai Japan

This symposium introduces the current state of disaster robots and the gap to their social implementation by the world top-runners, and discusses the action plans to be taken for the future disaster mitigation.

Robotics is becoming a powerful tool for disaster mitigation, response and recovery after its history of 50 years. For example, unmanned aerial vehicles can quickly survey wide disaster areas, remotely-operated underwater vehicles can repair leakage of subsea oil plants, and unmanned ground vehicles work in contaminated areas of damaged nuclear power plants.

The contribution of robotics is mainly 1) for performing tasks that human and conventional tools cannot (e.g. those at inaccessible places and in contaminated areas), 2) for reducing risks (e.g. those of potential explosion, toxic agents and radiation), and/or 3) for reducing time and cost (e.g. quick surveillance of potentially damaged facilities at high places without scaffolds). 

The recent evolution of robotics and component technologies is rapidly enhancing their applicable areas and tasks. Remote robotic systems, for example, could gather information from sky 20 years ago. At present, they can approach to structures of interest in the neighborhood for detailed visual inspection from sky, and can enter damaged buildings through narrow entrance for searching victims. Autonomy and robot intelligence reduce responders' load, and integrate gathered information with measured 3D maps. For this reason, specialists predict that robotics would become an essential tool of disaster mitigation, response and recovery in ten years.

Forum Session Program


Session 0: Robot Demonstration 
15:00-18:00pm, Thursday, March 12, 2015 
Tohoku University, Research Center for Rare Metal and Green Innovation, Aobayama East Campus 
Bldg. J02 in http://www.eng.tohoku.ac.jp/english/map/?menu=campus&area=j
Directions: http://www.eng.tohoku.ac.jp/english/map/directions.html

Session Abstract: This demonstration shows the most recent R&D and application of disaster robotics in Tohoku University. 

Program: TBD


Session 1: Current State, Gap and Action Plans for the Future 
13:30-15:30, Saturday, March 14, 2015 
Tokyo Electron Hall Miyagi, Room 601 
Venue D in http://www.bosai-sendai.jp/public_map.html
Directions: 5 min. walk from Sendai Subway Kotodai Station. 

Session Abstract: This symposium introduces the current state of disaster robots and the gap to their social implementation by the world top-runners, and discusses the action plans to be taken for the future disaster mitigation.

Program:

13:30-13:50 Hajime Asama, University of Tokyo
Asama

Title: Social Dissemination of Disaster Response Robots
Abstract: The Great Eastern Japan Earthquake and Tsunami occurred in March 11, 2011, and as a result, the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant occurred. Remote-controlled machine technology including robot technology (RT) was essential for the response against the accident to accomplish various tasks in the high-radiation environment. However, the robot technology developed could not be introduced smoothly in the emergent situation. In this presentation, the issues are discussed how we should prepare for the future possible disasters and accidents, including not only technological development but also maintenance of technology, training of operators, establishment of mockups and test fields, and political strategy. Especially, the plans to promote social dissemination of disaster response robots, which are proposed by Council of Competitiveness-Nippon (COCN), and various recent trends towards their realization promoted by Japanese Government are introduced.
Biography: Hajime Asama received his B. S., M. S., and Dr. Eng in Engineering from the University of Tokyo, in 1982, 1984 and 1989, respectively. He was a Research Scientist, etc. in RIKEN Japan from 1986 to 2002. He became a professor of RACE, the University of Tokyo in 2002, and a professor of School of Engineering, the University of Tokyo since 2009. He received JSME Robotics and Mechatronics Award in 2009, RSJ Distinguished Service Award in 2013, etc. He was the vice-president of Robotics Society of Japan in 2011-2012. an AdCom member of IEEE Robotics and Automation Society in 2007-2009, the president of International Society for Intelligent Autonomous Systems from 2014, an associate editor of Journal of Field Robotics, Journal of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, and Control Engineering Practice, etc. He is a Fellow of JSME and RSJ. Currently, he is a member of technical committee of Nuclear Damage Compensation and Decommissioning Facilitation Corporation (NDF), a member of technical committee of International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning (IRID), a member of technical committee on mockup testing facility of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), the project leader on Disaster Response Robots of the Council on Competitiveness-Japan (COCN), etc. His main research interests are distributed autonomous robotic systems, smart spaces, service engineering, and Mobiligence, and service robotics.

13:50-14:20 Robin Murphy, Texas A&M University, USA
Title: Current state and achievement of disaster robotics (tentative)

14:20-14:40 Gerald Steinbauer, Technical University of Graz, Austria 
Gerald
Title: Research and Application of Disaster Robotics in EU 
Abstract: With their Framework Programs (currently Horizon 2020) the European Union conducts the world largest civilian research program for ICT and robotics. Security has been always an important topic within the program. Moreover, there was always a strong interaction and cooperation of security research including disaster relief and related topics and research robotics and ICT. In this presentation an brief overview on the framework program and in particular examples of excellent research projects in the area of security, ICT and robotics are given. Moreover, it will be shown how far the application of developed technology in real has progressed and what questions are still open.
Biograpy: Gerald Steinbauer is a assistant professor at the Institute for Software Technology at Graz University of Technology, Graz , and leads the research group on autonomous intelligent robots. He holds an PhD in Computer Science and Robotics and works on intelligent and dependable control of autonomous robots. His research interests include autonomous mobile robots, cognitive robotics, model-based diagnosis, search and rescue robors and RoboCup. He is active in the RoboCup initiative and supervises a RoboCup Rescue Robot team. Recently he coordinates national and European projects on the development of autonomous ground robots to
support first responder and deployment procedures for the deployment robots in disaster response.

14:40-15:00 Geert De Cubber, Royal Military Academy, Belgium
Geert

Title: Integrating Robots in Disaster Management
Abstract: The main bottlenecks towards the successful use of robots for crisis management are often non-technological, but are (aside legal limitations) often more related to the integration of the robotic tools in the procedural toolkit of the rescue teams and crisis managers, which is not straightforward. In this presentation, an overview will be given on a research effort within the European Union to develop collaborative rescue robots, which can be actually deployed on the field. An example of such a procedural integration will be shown via a report of a flood relief operation of the Belgian First Aid and Support Team, which embedded in their team an unmanned aerial system for aerial support and demining operations.
Biography: Geert De Cubber is the head of the research activities of the Unmanned Vehicle Centre of the Belgian Royal Military Academy. Originally, he studied at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, where he obtained a PhD. in engineering for his research in the field of 3-dimensional reconstruction of natural scenes perceived by mobile robots. Currently, he is the project coordinator of the EU-FP7 ICARUS project (www.fp7-icarus.eu ) on the development of unmanned tools for search and rescue.

15:00-15:20 Raj Madhavan, University of Maryland, USA
Madhavan

Title: IEEE Robotics & Automation Society – Special Interest Group on Humanitarian Technology (RAS–SIGHT): Improving the Quality of Life for Humanity
Abstract:IEEE Special Interest Group on Humanitarian Technology (SIGHT) is an initiative that focuses on creating opportunities for members to devote time and talents to humanitarian work consistent with IEEE’s Constitution to “bring the benefits of technology to the entire world”. The IEEE Robotics & Automation Society SIGHT (RAS–SIGHT) is working the academic and non-academic community under the umbrella of Humanitarian Robotics and Automation Technology Challenges (HRATC) with the intended goal of developing robotic systems that are based on applied systems’ methodologies and are cost effective, reliable and efficient. HRATCs provide unprecedented opportunities for robotics and automation researchers and practitioners around the world to collaborate using their skills and education to benefit humanity. The problems (challenges) are framed with the environmental, cultural, structural, political, socio-economic and resource constraints so that solutions can be developed, deployed, and sustained. As an example of this initiative, I will discuss a landmine clearance challenge (first in the HRATC series) that I co-organized with the intent of producing an open source solution for the problem of detecting and classifying unexploded ordnance buried in minefields. According to the UN Mine Action Service, landmines kill 15,000-20,000 people every year (mostly children) and maim countless more across 78 countries. Demining efforts cost US$300- 1000 per mine, and, for every 5000 mines cleared, one person is killed and two are injured. Thus, clearing postcombat regions of landmines has proven to be a difficult, risky, dangerous, and expensive task with enormous social implications for civilians. I will also briefly describe two other RAS-SIGHT projects on firefighting using unmanned aerial vehicles and teaching English via robots.
Biography: Raj Madhavan is with the Institute for Systems Research, and a member of the Maryland Robotics Center at the University of Maryland, College Park. Currently he is on leave working on applying robotics and automation technologies for the benefit of humanity in a variety of domains. His work focuses on the applied use of robotics and automation technologies for the benefit of under-served and under-developed communities by working closely with them to sustain developed solutions. This is made possible by bringing together researchers, practitioners from industry, academia, government, and various entities such as the IEEE Robotics Automation Society’s Special Interest Group on Humanitarian Technology (RAS-SIGHT), NGOs, NPOs and other organizations across the globe. He has held appointments with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (March 2002-June 2013) and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (March 2001-January 2010). He received his Ph.D. in Field Robotics from the University of Sydney, and an ME (Research) in Systems Engineering from the Australian National University. Dr. Madhavan has been serving as the Vice President of the Industrial Activities Board (2013-2016), Chair of the Standing Committee for Standards Activities (2011-2016), and since Sept. 2012 as the Chair of the Special Interest Group on Humanitarian Technology (SIGHT), all within the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society.

15:20-15:30 Satoshi Tadokoro, IEEE Robotics and Automation Society President-Elect 
Tadokoro

Title: For the Future Use of Robotics
Abstract: On the basis of speeches by the top runners, this speech would like to summarize the issues and necessary actions for the future use of robotics for disaster management.
Biography: Satoshi Tadokoro was an associate professor of Kobe University in 1993-2005, and has been a professor of Graduate School of Information Sciences, Tohoku University. He is President of International Rescue System Institute, IEEE RAS President-Elect in 2014-15, and will be IEEE RAS President in 2016-17. He was a project manager of MEXT DDT Project on rescue robotics in 2002-2007 having contribution of more than 100 professors nationwide, and NEDO Project that developed a rescue robot Quince which is being used at the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident since June 2011. Since 2014, he is a project manager of Japan Cabinet Office ImPACT Project.


Session 2: Application Record and Challenge for the Future 
Monday, March 16, 2015 9:50-11:50am 
TKP Garden City Sendai Kotodai Hall 1 (Sendai Park Bldg.)
Venue E in http://www.bosai-sendai.jp/public_map.html
Directions: Adjacent to Sendai Subway Kotodai Station.

Session Abstract: This symposium introduces the record of application of robots and robotic systems to the world disasters, and discusses their challenges for the future disaster mitigation.

Program:
09:50-10:10 Tomoaki Yoshida, Chiba Institute of Technology
Watanabe
Title: Unmanned ground vehicles Quince and Sakura for Fukushima-Daiichi response
Abstract: Quince robots were teleoperated UGVs utilized in surveillance missions in Fukushima-Daiichi NPS. This talk, features of Quince and lessons learnd from the actual missions are described. Also Sakura series of UGVs are introduced. Sakura was developed to resolve some issues found in Quince.
Biography: 2004 Reveived Ph.D in engineering from the University of Tsukuba, 2004 Researcher, University of Tsukuba, 2005 Lecturer, Toin University, 2006 Research Scientist, Chiba Institute of Technology

10:10-10:30 Satoshi Okada, Hitachi Ltd.
Okada
Title: Development of robots for decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
Abstract: The development of robots in Hitachi group for decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant will be introduced.  Firstly schemes of the work are explained, for example, removal of rubble, decontamination in the building, investigation in the building and the nuclear reactor, investigation for debris, and so on.  Next, developed robots are introduced, for example, double arm heavy-duty robot, remote-controlled decontamination system, small boat, submersible crawling swimming robot and shape-changing robot.
Biography: Satoshi Okada received the BS and MS degrees in Resources Engineering from Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, in 1991 and 1993, respectively. He currently works at Hitachi Ltd. focusing on the development of inspection systems for atomic power plant. In particular, he is currently focusing on robotics systems for severe environmental investigation.

10:30-10:50 Takuya Uehara, Toshiba Corp. 
Uehara

Title: Efforts using robot technologies for decommission at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant
Abstract: Decommissioning works at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant are faced with situation that is difficult to handle only by the method that has been used in the plant construction and periodic inspection for operating plants. In addition to conventional remote control technologies, advanced robot technologies are required for accomplishment of decommission. This presentation mentions robot technologies which had been applied at Fukushima Daiichi and future efforts of Toshiba.
Biography: Mr. Takuya Uehara was received the master of mechanical engineering from Institute of technology, Tokyo Japan, in 1997. He is a senior scientist of Power and Industrial systems R&D center of Toshiba Corporation. He had attended developing maintenance technologies using laser for nuclear power plants from 1997 to 2011. Currently he is developing apparatuses for decommissioning with robot technologies for Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

10:50-11:10 Sunao Tomimori, Nuclear Emergency Assistance Center (J-NEACE), The Japan Atomic Power Co. 
SunaoTomimori

Title: Activities of J-NEASE by electric power companies in Japan
Abstract: The Japan Atomic Power Company established Nuclear Emergency Assistance Center (J-NEACE) by request of Federation of Electric Power Companies of Japan (FEPC). This talk will introduce its role, activities in the event of an emergency, and ordinary activities.
Biography: Sunao Tomimori joined the Japan Atomic Power Co. in 1976. Since 2013, he is the general manager of Nuclear Emergency Assistance Center.

11:10-11:30 Shigeo Kitahara, Kumagai Gumi Co. Ltd.
Title: Unmanned construction system - the history and future

11:30-11:50 Yutaka Watanabe, Luce Search Co. Ltd. 
Watanabe
Title: Application of UAVs for Measurement of Land Features at Disasters and Inspection of Structures
Abstract: This speech introduces application of UAV with various sensors for river inspection, erosion and sediment control, disaster damage investigation, and structural inspection including 3D measurement.
Short Bio: Yutaka Watanabe is the CEO of Luce Search Co. Ltd., which specializes in 3D photo measurement and structural investigation using micro UAVs and instruments. Luce Search has various achievement such as investigation of 20 km area of Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, inspection of bridges and bodies of dams, environmental research of rivers and sea shores, disaster damage investigation, and sediment control investigation. He demonstrated their UAV in the office of Prime Minister in September, 2014.


Related Session
Organized by Japan Cabinet Office, Japan Science and Technology Agency

15:50-17:50, Saturday, March 14, 2015
Tokyo Electron Hall Miyagi, Room 601
Venue D in http://www.bosai-sendai.jp/public_map.html
Directions: 5 min. walk from Sendai Subway Kotodai Station.

Session Abstract: The programs for innovations in DRR will be discussed in this symposium. The symposium will focus on the Impulsing Paradigm Change through Disruptive Technologies (ImPACT) Program on “Tough Robotics Challenge” and the Cross-ministerial Strategic Innovation Promotion Program (SIP) on “Enhancement of societal resiliency against natural disasters”.

Session Program:
15:50-16:00 Kazuo Kyuma, Executive member, Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, Japan Cabinet Office

Opening speech (outline of SIP and ImPACT (tentative))

16:00-16:20 Sudhir Jain,Indian, director, Indian Institute of Technology( Gandhinagar), India
Keynote speech: Disaster Mitigation in Developing Countries

16:20-16:30 Satoshi Tadokoro, Program Manager of ImPACT
Impact R&D program(tentative)

16:30-16:40 Masayoshi Nakashima, Program Director of SIP
SIP: Enhancement of Societal Resiliency Against Natural Disasters

16:40-17:45 Panel discussion
Sudhir Jain, director of IIT Gandhinagar, India
Satoshi Tadokoro, PM of ImPACT, Japan
Masayoshi Nakashima, PD of SIP (facilitator)
Shin Aoi, National research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Japan
Nobuhiro Takahashi, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Japan
Hiroshi Kumagai, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Japan

17:45-17:50 Yuko Harayama, Executive member, Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, Japan Cabinet Offices
Closing speech

For complete information visit: http://www.wcdrr.org/

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RA Experts

Aerial Robotics and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles         

Yangquan Chen       
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Valavanis Kimon
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Anibal Ollero
University of Seville

Agricultural Robotics and Automation 

John Billingsley
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Algorithms for Planning and Control of Robot Motion         

Ron Alterovitz
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Automation in Logistics   

Maria Pia Fanti
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Autonomous Ground Vehicles and Intelligent Transportation Systems   

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Bio Robotics           

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Vaidyanathan, Ravi  
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Energy, Environment, and Safety Issues in Robotics and Automation       

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Toshio Fukuda          
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Haptics                     

Antonio Frisoli
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Jee-Hwan Ryu                                   
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Dana Kulic
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Human-Robot Interaction & Coordination       

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Humanoid Robotics                      

Aude Billard  
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James Kuffner          
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Eiichi Yoshida           
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Marine Robotics                 

Choi Hyun-Taek       
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Giacomo Marani
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Ryan Smith
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Fumin Zhang
Georgia Institute of Technology

Micro/Nano Robotics and Automation             

Fumihito Arai
Tohoku University, Japan

Sergej Fatikow
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Sylvain Martel          
Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal (EPM)

Mobile Manipulation                     

Dmitry Berenson      
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Maximo Roa  
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Model-based Optimization for Robotics

Christopher G. Atkeson
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Thomas Buschmann
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Abderrahmane Kheddar    

Katja Mombaur
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Networked Robots             

Volkan Isler
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Shuichi Nishio
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Angel del Pobil         
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Elena Messina          
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Rehabilitation & Assistive Robotics

Machiel  Van Der Loos         
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Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna,

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Robert Sparrow        
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Edwin Olson 
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Ashutosh Saxena
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Waturo Takano        
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Robot Mechanisms and Design

Kyujin Cho    
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Matei Ciocalie           
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Aaron Dollar 
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Hyouk Ryeol Choi     
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Marco Gabiccini
University of Pisa

Rod Grupen  
University of Massachusetts Amherst

Yu Sun
University of South Florida

Robotics and Automation in Nuclear Facilities

Hajime Asama
University of Tokyo

Raja Chatila
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William Hamel
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Andreas Birk
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Masahiko Onosato
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Chien Chen-Fu
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Smart Buildings     

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K-12

The IEEE Robotics & Automation Society focuses on reaching future generations beginning at the university level through our Student Branch Chapters and Student Activities Committee.

However, there are often inquires as to how to empower even younger generations with an early look at the robotics and automation field.  If you or someone you know is interested in learning more, please see the following suggestions.

To become a “robotics engineer," the usual approach is to major in one of the related engineering programs at a university.  These are electrical and computer engineering, mechanical engineering, and computer science and engineering.

 To prepare for an engineering major in college, a high school student should take courses in physics, chemistry, and calculus.

Students who major in electrical and computer engineering can take basic and elective courses in systems and control, microprocessor-based design, computer programming, image processing, and computer vision, as well as robotics courses.  Courses in other majors include mechanical design and control, modeling and simulation, and artificial intelligence.

Some community colleges in the US offer associates degree programs in automation and robotics for those who are more interested in technology programs with less emphasis on advanced mathematics and physics.

In many states of the US and other countries, high school students can get involved in robot competitions such as the FIRST Robotics program (www.usfirst.org).

For resources closer to you, please contact an RAS Chapter or Student Branch Chapter.