Robotics and Automation science and engineering is the discipline studying and developing systems able to generate and control movements and forces.
Robotics focuses on systems incorporating sensors and actuators that operate autonomously or semi-autonomously in cooperation with humans. Robotics research emphasizes intelligence and adaptability to cope with unstructured environments.
Automation focuses on systems that operate autonomously, often in structured environments over extended periods, and on the explicit structuring of such environments. Automation research emphasizes efficiency, productivity, quality, and reliability.
Both Robotics and Automation involve designing intelligent machines and systems that are used in manufacturing and service industries, healthcare services including surgery and rehabilitation, laboratory automation, agriculture, space and underwater exploration, disaster relief, entertainment and many other applications to help and support humans or their well-being.
The IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine (RAM) has over 12,000 readers who are the people who drive this remarkable technology. More than half work in basic research and many of the others are top level engineers and decision-makers in industry.
The magazine highlights new concepts in Robotics and Automation that are applied to real-world systems, regularly delivers tutorial and survey papers by distinguished experts in the field, organizes focused special issues on hot topics, and provides a forum for disseminating and discussing emerging trends, novel achievements, and selected news relevant to the development of the whole community active in these fields worlwide.