- IEEE P7008™ STANDARD FOR ETHICALLY DRIVEN NUDGING FOR ROBOTIC, INTELLIGENT AND AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS
This standards study group seeks to identify candidate key performance indicators of human-robot interaction (HRI) effectiveness, and to recommend the formation of working groups that may focus on developing the metrics and test methods by which HRI performance may be assessed. Key proposed outputs include a roadmap toward HRI standards and a prioritized list of candidate standards topics for future working groups. These standards will address multiple facets of the field of HRI research, including communications, effective teaming, situation and social awareness, ease-of-use, interface performance, terminologies and taxonomies, presence and embodiment, and safety.
This standard defines an ontology that allows for the representation of, reasoning about, and communication of task knowledge in the robotics and automation domain. This ontology includes key terms as well as their definitions, attributes, types, structures, properties, constraints, and relationships. It will address the way that hierarchical planners represent task knowledge which will allow them to better communicate among levels of the ontology hierarchy.
This standard is a logical extension to IEEE 1872-2015 Standard for Ontologies for Robotics and Automation. The standard extends the CORA ontology by defining additional ontologies appropriate for Autonomous Robotics (AuR) relating to:
1. The core design patterns specific to AuR in common R&A sub-domains;
2. General ontological concepts and domain-specific axioms for AuR; and
3. General use cases and/or case studies for AuR.
This standard extends the IEEE 1873-2015™ Standard for Robot Map Data Representation from two-dimensional (2D) maps to three-dimensional (3D) maps.
The standard develops a common representation and encoding for 3D map data, to be used in applications requiring robot operation, like navigation and manipulation, in all domains (space, air, ground/surface, underwater, and underground).
The standard encoding is devoted to exchange map data between robot systems, while allowing robot systems to use their private internal representations for efficient map data processing. The standard places no constraints on where map data comes from nor on how maps are constructed.
The standard establishes a set of ontologies with different abstraction levels that contain concepts, definitions and axioms which are necessary to establish ethically driven methodologies for the design of Robots and Automation Systems.
“Nudges” as exhibited by robotic, intelligent or autonomous systems are defined as overt or hidden suggestions or manipulations designed to influence the behavior or emotions of a user. This standard establishes a delineation of typical nudges (currently in use or that could be created). It contains concepts, functions and benefits necessary to establish and ensure ethically driven methodologies for the design of the robotic, intelligent and autonomous systems that incorporate them.